The Roman Empire grew to enormous proportions. It was huge! It covered most of Europe, most of North Africa, and some of Asia. That created problems.
One problem was that it was getting difficult to manage the empire effectively. Rome seemed very far away to the people in the provinces.The Empire was divided :
- The Western Roman Empire (Europe/North Africa) included the city of Rome.
- The Eastern Roman Empire (Turkey/parts of Asia) included the city of Byzantium