Friday, 30 October 2009
Thursday, 29 October 2009
Estos esquemas te ayudaran a repasar las ideas principales de la lección
además podrás emplear las siguientes direcciones:
Sobre el Sistema feudal y su economía
Sobre el Sistema Feudal, la sociedad , similar a a anterior.
Wednesday, 28 October 2009
Monday, 26 October 2009
At the first sign of trouble, the commoners rushed to get inside the castle walls before the gates closed and shut them out.
Location: Castles were usually built on top of a hill, if one was handy. That way, the lookout guards could more easily spot attackers approaching.
The Moat: A moat was built around many of the castles. This was a deep ditch surrounding the castle walls, filled with water. A bridge was built to cross the moat. The bridge was raised during an attack. The moat was loaded with traps and sharp spikes in case someone tried to swim across.
The Keep: One of the largest spaces behind the thick walls was the keep. The keep was a storage area topped by a huge square tower with slotted windows for castle archers to use. The keep stored food, wine, and grain in case of siege.
The Barracks: Other buildings made up the barracks. the barracks were the homes of the knights and their families.
The Great Hall: The Great Hall was a passageway that connected the lord's home to the keep.
The Chapel: The chapel was build either inside the lord's home or as a separate building. The chapel was a place to hold religious services.
The Gatehouse: The gatehouse was a building used by the guards at the gates. The portcullis was the grating of iron bars at the gateway. (medievaleurope)
Here play with the Castle
And one interesting web about Medieval Arms Race
TAREA : EXPLICA LA DIFICULTAD QUE PODÍA SUPONER APODERARSE DE UN CASTILLO Y QUÉ ARMAS MEDIEVALES PODRÍAN SER LAS MÁS EFICACES. PUBLÍCALO EN TU BLOG
Sunday, 25 October 2009
The Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle Ages, and it had its own laws and large coffers. Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council and played leading roles in government. Bishops, who were often wealthy and came from noble families, ruled over groups of parishes called "diocese." Parish priests, on the other hand, came from humbler backgrounds and often had little education. The village priest tended to the sick and indigent and, if he was able, taught Latin and the Bible to the youth of the village.
As the population of Europe expanded in the twelfth century, the churches that had been built in the Roman style with round-arched roofs became too small. Some of the grand cathedrals, strained to their structural limits by their creators' drive to build higher and larger, collapsed within a century or less of their construction.
Desde 10 de Octubre al 22 de Noviembre de 2009 se presenta en Benavente la exposición “Refugiados, vidas en tránsito” ubicada en la Casa de Cultura de La Encomienda, organizada por la Fundación “la Caixa” en colaboración con el Ayuntamiento de Benavente.
Con esta exposición, se pretende contribuir a un mejor conocimiento de la realidad en la que viven miles de refugiados del mundo e incidir especialmente, en la de los refugiados de Kiziba y Gihembe en Ruanda, donde se da soporte a un programa de formación y capacitación para niños y jóvenes.
La exposición cuenta con diversas partes, entre ellas paneles explicativos, interactivos, un reportaje fotográfico y un vídeo documental, además de la reproducción de una cabaña que simula a las que existen en este tipo de campos. También se incluyen varios materiales realizados por los propios refugiados con los que se contextualiza su vida cotidiana.
La visita se completa con un taller que pretende acercar a los escolares a la realidad de las personas refugiadas: ¿Qué significa ser una persona refugiada? ¿Qué es un campo de refugiados? ¿Cómo se vive? ¿Qué hacen las personas que viven en estos campos de refugiados? A través de actividades participativas, los chicos y las chicas deberán implicarse para organizar el campo de refugiados de la mejor manera posible.
Friday, 23 October 2009
En primer lugar noticias frescas para todos los amantes del teatro:
VIERNES, 13 DE NOVIEMBRE DE 2009 a las 22.00 HORAS
TEATRO ATREZZO (JOVEN)
ha sido escrita para ofrecer las siguientes cualidades educativas:
• Difundir mensajes orientados a fomentar valores sociales en la etapa escolar.
• Promover desde las edades más tempranas la afición por las artes escénicas y la Cultura en general.
“Postdata” es una obra de teatro juvenil, especialmente dirigida a escolares entre 13 y 18 años, oportunamente creada para este fin. La principal cualidad de la obra, está en sus diálogos que reproducen las conversaciones de las que nadie habla. Y delante de todos los que han participado en las agresiones de una forma u otra, los acosadores, los que han mirado hacia otro lado, los adultos, etc. Y muy especialmente, ante el entorno, el grupo de clase, los que nunca deberían consentir. Esta circunstancia, hace que “Postdata” sea un mensaje corrector de conductas primarias de escolares en las edades en que mejor se pueden tratar de corregir.
Para saber más de la obra
Para cualquier duda o pregunta dirigirse a
Para cualquier duda o pregunta dirigirse a
Casa de Cultura. Plaza de
49600 Benavente.Zamora.Telf. 980 63 33 32
Thursday, 22 October 2009
Here you can read the tale told by the Bayeux Tapestry -Historians can tell a lot about daily life from the scenes on the Bayeux Tapestry. The tapestry has boats, people, activities, carts, horses, and so much more. All you can see in one scene is a group of horse heads sticking out of the top of a boat. But from this, historians can guess that horses were carried by boats to the battle.
The story of William the Conqueror and Harold, Earl of Wessex, the men who led the Norman and Saxon armies in 1066. William's defeat of Harold at the Battle of Hastings ensured the success of the Norman invasion of England...
During medieval times, tapestries were common. They were used to decorate castles and manor houses. This tapestry was probably made to fit in a specific place. The wall upon which it hung was probably right around 250 feet long.
HOMEWORK: Responde a las cuestiones que te hace en el enlace sobre el tapiz de la reina Matilde, de Bayeux.
Wednesday, 21 October 2009
Tuesday, 20 October 2009
To keep all his Norman nobles happy and to thank them for their help, he took all the land away from the Saxon church officials and nobles, and gave it all to his Norman vassals. Anyone who had helped him became rich. What the Saxon people in England thought about all this mattered not to the new king of England, William the Conqueror.
The Great Council: William set up a council of Norman nobles and bishops. He called it the Great Council. The council's job was to help him rule effectively. But the Normans were very busy at first setting up their new land and homes. Still, William knew he could call on the nobles whenever he needed them.
The Great Council grew to become an important part of government. By the 1200's, the Great Council was called Parliament. It is still called Parliament today. By the 1400's, Parliament had divided into two chambers - the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Nobles and clergy ran the House of Lords. Knights and burgesses (a class of extremely wealthy merchants) ran the House of Commons.
Sheriffs: William had another great idea. He knew his nobles and bishops were going to need tax money to run their fiefs. William needed tax money to run the kingdom. He wanted local officials, under his control, in all the towns anyway. He created a new office called a sheriff. A sheriff's job was to collect taxes. Since the sheriff was a local official, a representative of the king, local sheriffs had a great deal of power.
The Domesday Book: William needed to know how much tax he could expect to collect. He appointed people out to every hamlet in the country. Their job was to count every pig, every person, every farm, every rooster in the kingdom. Their reports were entered in a book called the Domesday Book. It was the first census since Roman times.The Battle of Hastings Game
Norman invasion quiz
Wilian the Conquerror
HOMEWORK : Who was Willian the Conqueror? What did he do?
Sunday, 18 October 2009
Saturday, 17 October 2009
Thursday, 15 October 2009
Wednesday, 14 October 2009
Homework: Draw your own map of Viking voyages. Or you could take a world map outline, and mark on it some of the places Vikings went to – such as Kiev (Ukraine), Novgorod (Russia), Constantinople (Istanbul in Turkey), Greenland, Iceland and North America. more information here or here
Find out how the Vikings lived. How do you think the Vikings might have argued in favour of their raids?
You can more information here.
Play with the Vikings or other game:Dig it up : Vikings, or another
Thursday, 8 October 2009
Gracias a una inscripción, hoy desaparecida, sabemos que el arquitecto fue Odón (o Eudes) de METZ .Las obras se iniciaron en el 790, y en el 797 se culminaba la cubierta del octógono central, siendo consagrada por el papa León III en el 805, dedicándola a Santa Maria.
Planta de la capilla.
Se concibió como una planta centralizada en torno a un octógono central al que rodea otro hexadecagonal (de 16 lados) y entre ambos un deambulatorio.
Por encima del deambulatorio hay una tribuna que abre al espacio central mediante unos arcos y a su vez este espacio central se eleva por encima de las tribunas y se cubre con una bóveda de paños.
El modelo del octógono de esta capilla recuerda a San Vital de Rávena. Es un edificio centralizado con otro envolvente. Cuando en el año 790 se comenzó la capilla, Carlomagno solicitó al Papa que tomaran los materiales para su construcción de Rávena, por lo que no es extraño que viera los edificios de allí, y quedaran impresionados. Hay sin embargo diferencias entre ambos.
La capilla palatina representa un paso atrás, porque en San Vital los arquitectos emplearon unos recursos de una sutileza arquitectónica que a los de Aquisgrán se les escaparon totalmente:
1. Por ejemplo en Aquisgrán la molduración horizontal está bastante marcada, con lo cual el sentido ascensional del edificio queda bastante cortado.
2. El arquitecto de San Vital de Rávena no hace líneas rectas, son exedras en la planta del octógono y esto provoca una mayor ligereza, por lo que se gana en dinamismo. Sin embargo, en la capilla de Aquisgrán si son rectas. Esto tampoco supieron captarlo los arquitectos carolingios.
3. En San Vital el ábside no está a eje en relación con el pórtico de entrada (diapo de la derecha) que da mayor libertad al edificio, evitando el encorsetamiento. En Aquisgrán sí está a eje con el pórtico.
TAREA: Empleando tu libro y los materiales que tienes aquí realiza una presentación en tu blog sobre la Capilla Palatina de Aquisgrán.
Wednesday, 7 October 2009
Tuesday, 6 October 2009
Al Amway Mosque - Watch more amazing videos here
The Muslim building for communal worship is called a mosque. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid. The word comes from the Arabic for "place of prostration".
Very often Mosques have a domed roof and a tall tower called a minaret. Muslims are called to prayer from the minaret. The man who who enters the minaret and calls them to prayer is called a muezzin.
In Britain, calling Muslims to pray this way is not allowed, so some Islamic communities broadcast the call to prayer on a radio frequency which Muslims can pick up in their homes and places of work using a small receiver.
There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. They are decorated with patterns and words from the Qur'an. There is also very little furniture inside because Muslims use prayer mats for prayer.
When people go into the mosque they take off their shoes. This is to keep it clean for prayer.
There is often a fountain or pool, or at least an area with water where people can wash (wudu). Muslim wash their hands, mouth, throat, nose, ears, arms up to the elbow and feet. This is a sacred wash that symbolises spiritual cleansing and purity in readiness for coming before God.
There is always a quibla wall in a Mosque which is the one facing Makkah (Mecca), it has an empty arch to signify the direction. It is important that Muslims always know the direction of Mecca.
Women do not pray in the same place as men, there is usually a screened off area for them.
HOMEWORK: What do you think about?
Monday, 5 October 2009
Sunday, 4 October 2009
Saturday, 3 October 2009
Friday, 2 October 2009
Thursday, 1 October 2009
Some of the events leading to the Roman Empire's collapse were civil war, corruption, and foreign invasions that began in A.D. 161 which left the empire weak. Several emperors tried to prevent the collapse by dividing the empire into smaller regions.. Foreign invaders quickly overran the western part of the empire while the eastern half survived as the Byzantine Empire. Roman legal traditions survived through the efforts of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, who had Roman law organized into the Justinian Code.
In A.D. 528 the Emperor Justinian began a review of the old Roman laws. There were thousands of Roman laws that ordered life in the empire. The most famous which were reviewed were called the Twelve Tables. These tables assured that all citizens had a right to the protection of the laws. Nearly 1,000 years later, Emperor Justinian chose ten men to review 1,600 books full of Roman Law and create a simpler legal code. These men were able to create the Justinian Code with just over 4,000 laws.
Here you can see the Justinian Code.
Tarea: Busca información sobre el Código de Justiniano, y la importancia que tuvo y ha tenido hasta nuestros días