- Three year rotation. –Kind of system to work the soil. This left only one third of the land fallow every year.
- Mouldboard plough. – Is a kind of ploughed what was used more efficiently.
Hanseatic League. A merchants’ association who dominated The Atlantic and Baltic trade routes.
- Trade fairs-
A Placewhere the merchants met to trade. The biggest fairs were held in the Champagneregion of . France
- Bills of Exchange-System of money exchange where this was used as money is. Made unnecessary to carry money. The bills of exchange were afterwards exchanged for an amount of money.
- Ghettoes- The ghettos were neighbourhoods where only Jews lived.
- Moorish- Islamic people who lived in Moorish quarters, in
- City council- Each city had its own government, which was directed by a mayor.
- Guilds- an Association of all craftsmen who had the same work, from the 12th century.
- Master craftsmen- The person who owned the workshops, the tools and the raw materials. Workshops were usually handed down from father to son. The masters ran and controlled the guilds.
- Journeymen- Person who was skilled craftsmen, he received a wage.
- Apprentices- Were young men who wanted to learn a trade. They lived in their master’s house and worked for him for several years. They did not receive any payment.
- Roman Law- Ancient Roman Law. The lawyers in that time restored the Roman law. Which gave much more power to the kings than traditional law?
- Parliaments- Assembly where the only people who were represented were the king, the nobles, the clergy and the city mayors